There was a fascinating story in the New York Times which talks about how innocent people can be coerced and pressured into confessing to crimes that they did not commit. At criminal jury trials, confessions carry a great deal of weight because jurors believe that no reasonable person would confess to a crime that he or she did not commit. But in fact, it can and does, happen.
The story follows Eddie Lowery who spent ten years in prison for a rape that he did not commit. There was absolutely no physical evidence linking Lowery to the crime, but he was convicted on his confession alone. DNA evidence would eventually prove that another man committed the rape but not until Lowery had spent ten years of his life in prison for a crime he never committed.
We know of at least 40 people who confessed to a crime that they did not commit only to be proven innocent years later by DNA evidence. Experts suggest that those who are mentally ill, possess below average intelligence, or are easily pressured and swayed, are the most likely to confess to crimes not committed.
It is also possible that investigating detectives wore down the defendant by using questionable tactics such as endless interrogation (sometimes lasting days), depriving him or her of water and/or food, uncomfortable chairs and heat, etc. They push a suspect to the point that they would rather confess and end the torment than continue to profess their innocence.
If the police are desperate to obtain a confession it means, quite possibly, that they do not have enough evidence to convict you absent a confession. If you have been arrested or simply brought in for questioning do not speak to the police. Even if you do not “confess” to the crime your statements can be used against you such as contradicting an alibi. Tell the police that you want to speak to your attorney and end the interrogation immediately.
There is no greater injustice than for an innocent person to spend years in jail for a crime they did not commit. False confessions are real and they do happen.